A Guide to the Many Types of Carpet
If you are interested in purchasing a new carpet, you are not alone in this endeavor. According to the industry publication “Floor Covering Weekly,” carpet sales in the United States account for more revenue than sales of all other types of flooring combined.
This is for a good reason: not only is it affordable, but it is also simple to install and comes in hundreds of different colors, textures, and styles. In addition to that, it has a pleasant and warm texture, and it is an effective sound barrier. Do you have children who are studying the trumpet? They have carpet in their room.
It is not simple to choose a carpet because there are many different kinds available. To get you started, here is a guide to help you:
A Glossary of Carpet Terms
Density. The degree to which the yarns in a carpet are packed together. A denser pile translates into better quality.
Fiber. Fiber is the primary component of a carpet and can be either synthetic (made of materials like nylon, polyester, polypropylene/olefin, or acrylics) or natural (wool, sisal).
Pad. A carpet pad is a thin layer of foam, fiber, or rubber that is placed underneath carpets. This layer is also referred to as “cushion” or “underlay.” It acts as an insulator, which extends the life of the carpet, and increases the level of comfort.
Pile. The portion of a carpet that is exposed to view, known as the pile, is made up of fiber tufts in loops that are either cut or uncut. Additionally known as a “nap.”
The manner in which the carpet fibers are attached to the backing can be used to differentiate between the two primary types of the carpet construction.
The term “loop pile” refers to a construction in which the fibers are looped together. The carpeting has a low profile and only a small amount of cushioning, but it is extremely durable and resistant to stains. The following items belong to the family of loop piles:
Berber is another name for the level loop. This particular style of carpet is distinguished by its short loops, which perform admirably even in heavily traveled areas.
Carpets with multi-level loops have a patterned surface because the height of the loops’ tips varies from carpet to carpet.
When making cut pile carpets, the yarn tips snipe so that there are no loops left. Carpets with cut piles are typically thicker and plusher than those with loop piles. There are a few distinct varieties of cut piles, including:
The texture of plush is uniform and silky, and it has an elegant appearance.
The Saxony wool has a smooth finish, but because the fibers are longer and twisted, each fiber has more body. Saxony is a medium-weight wool. It is popular, but because the fibers are longer, footprints are more noticeable and furniture leaves dent marks.
A rougher surface texture can be achieved with a textured cut pile because its fibers are cut at varying lengths.
Because of the length of its fibers, frieze carpet is not recommended for use in high-traffic areas. Shag carpet is the name given to the most extreme form of this type of flooring.
The fibers in the cable are long and thick, making it a very comfortable surface to walk on.
Another type of carpet, known as cut and loop carpet, combines the benefits of cut pile and loop pile carpeting into a single product by using both types of fibers in its construction. It does a good job of concealing stains and dirt.
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